A short history of Turkey

Ataturk FTurkey founded their republic on October 29, 1923. The birth of the Turkish republic was as a result of Kemal abolishing the Sultanate and then setting about the Turkish society. Mustafa Kemal, who was the Turkish authoritarian leader, was later honored and given the title Ataturk which meant the father of Turks. The government was later formed by the Ankara-based revolutionary group. In his authoritarian leadership, Kemal underwent a period of reforms making secularism strongly instituted in their constitution and the country also adopted a wide range of political, social and legal reformations. The constitution of Turkey guarantees freedom of religion and is tolerant to the rule. Turkey has always been a home to all the major religions which include Christians, Muslims and Judaism. But today, 99% of the Turkish happen to be Muslims having their history being of the Islamic people starting from their empires, literature, arts and even their architecture. Turkey happens to be the only Muslim country in the entire world with no state of religion. Isn’t that amazing?

Their cultures have been derived from the West Asia, Central Asian, Eastern Europe and the Caucasian traditions. That is a heavily heterogeneous and diverse combination set of elements making up the Turkish community. Their foods are not limited but buying pork in Turkey is not convenient, easy or even socially accepted due to their high population being the Muslim religion. The Turkish had their first inhabitants who lived along the Mediterranean region early in the 7500 BC. It was also ruled down the centuries by their diverse cultures which included the sun-worshiping gods, the Greeks who later migrated to India together with the Constantinople and the Byzantines. Mehmet the conqueror then took over the Constantinople by 1453.

Turkish women GDid you know that Turkish witnessed years of civil war from the 1980’s and 1990’s between the secessionist and the Turkish forces which led to the death of more than 30,000 people. It will come as a surprise to you that there are still existing clashes between the Turkish forces and the Kurdish fighters that happens in the south-east causing deaths in violence. But then after, Turkey got their independence, Ataturk created new legal and political systems which were based on the basic principles of human rights; which included freedom of worship and the right to own a land, parliamentary democracy, there were national sovereignty and seclusion of powers, state affairs and separation of religion. Within time, there was a new system of education which was established and therefore after that- they changed the Arabic alphabet to the Latin alphabet. There was an adoption of new civil codes from the European models.

In conclusion, with time the Turkish women also received equal rights in the law and some were elected to the public office and everyone had the right to choose the leaders of their choice. In conclusion, this was a revolution that was not equal at its time by the Turkish government and is being followed up to date by many of the Western nations. It is followed up to date to bring upon a widespread Muslim nation together with western civilization and universal values.

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